Publicaciones

Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 102(1-4), 2008


Artículos de investigación

Arquitectura estratigráfica de alta frecuencia de una secuencia de 3er orden en el margen costero de la Cuenca Ibérica (Provincia de Segovia, España)


High-frequency stratigraphic architecture of a 3rd order depositional sequence in the coastal margin setting of Iberian Basin (Segovia Province, Spain)

Javier Gil, José F. García-Hidalgo, Manuel Segura, Beatriz Carenas, Álvaro García, Javier Temiño, Alberto Díaz de Neira

Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 102 (1-4): 15-33, 2008

Resumen

En este trabajo se analiza la arquitectura estratigráfica detallada y la ciclicidad interna de la secuencia deposicional de 3er orden del Turoniense Superior – Coniaciense Basal en el margen costero de la Cuenca Ibérica (Provincia de Segovia), dentro de sucesiones predominantemente terrígenas con algunas intercalaciones carbonatadas de plataforma somera. La correlación de 16 columnas estratigráficas a lo largo de un perfil perpendicular al margen costero ha permitido identificar cuatro conjuntos de parasecuencias (4º orden) y 10 parasecuencias (5º orden), cuyo espesor y continuidad lateral varían en función de relaciones de onlap y toplap de las parasecuencias inferiores y superiores respectivamente, dentro de cada conjunto mayor (4º orden). Asimismo, dentro de las parasecuencias de 5º orden, se han identificado hasta dos parasecuencias de orden mayor (6º orden), cuyo reconocimiento está supeditado a los términos carbonatados de las sucesiones sedimentarias. En el trabajo se analiza la compleja superposición de cortejos sedimentarios que genera un patrón de apilamiento deposicional en el que coexisten tres rangos de secuencias de alta frecuencia (4º, 5º y 6º orden), aclarando las relaciones entre las facies terrígenas y carbonatadas en este margen costero, así como las diferentes tendencias sedimentarias que se reconstruyen en función de la escala de observación.

Palabras clave: Parasecuencias, Turoniense Superior – Coniaciense inferior, Margen septentrional del Sistema Central.

Abstract

The cyclicity and the stratigraphic architecture of the Upper Turonian-Lower Coniacian 3rd-order sequence have been analysed in the coastal margin of the Iberian Basin (north of the Central System, province of Segovia). This sequence is composed of coastal terrigenous sediments with some shallow shelf carbonate intercalations. The 3rd-order sequence is composed of several ranges of high-frequency superimposed parasequences. Each of the four parasequence sets (4th-order), can be divided into up to three parasequences (5th-order), which in turn are composed of two minor parasequences (6th-order), recognized only in the carbonate sediments of the sedimentary succession. Thickness and lateral extent of the parasequence sets depend on the number of their internal parasequences. Parasequences and minor parasequences thins and pinch out landwards with onlap and toplap relationships regarding the basal and top parasequence set and parasequence boundaries. The presence in the sedimentary record of 4th- 5th- and 6th-order parasequences originates a complex overlap of Systems Tracts; and thus, depending on the observation scale, different sedimentary trends can be recognized. At a detailed scale, the presence of these Systems Tracts allows to clarify the terrigenous and carbonate facies relationships. Although both facies have been formed in a single depositional episode, they were deposited in different stages of the episode. Siliciclastic facies represent the Shelf Margin Wedge/Transgressive Systems Tracts, being supplied to the Basin during a relative sea level lowstand and located at the coastal margin; later, during the subsequent transgression, they are reworked. On the other hand, carbonate sediments were deposited basinwards, during relative sea level highstands (Highstand System Tract). This depositional model explains the scarce presence of mixed facies. Two other different sedimentary trends are recognized in the entire sequence. First, the thinning upwards trend of parasequence sets, which is related with the overall regressive trend in the upper part of the sequence (due to accommodation loss). Secondly, the progressive upwards decrease of siliciclastic deposits and a correlative increase in carbonate sediments in the parasequence sets, which suggests the existence of a longer transgressive trend (2nd-order), which continues in the overlying Coniacian sequence.

Keywords: Parasequences, Upper Turonian – Lower Coniacian, Northern margin of Central System.





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(c) Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural. Facultades de Biología y Geología. Universidad Complutense de Madrid. 28040-Madrid - e-mail: rsehno@bio.ucm.es